The authors of an article
in the current issue of the Journal of Oral Implantology report on a study of individuals with the combination of interleukin (IL)-1 allele 2 at IL-1A−889 and IL-1B+3954. These people are “genotype positive” and are susceptible to increased periodontal tissue destruction.
Peri-implantitis, or the process of tissue inflammation and destruction around failing implants, is very similar to periodontal disease. The researchers sought to find any association of these genotypes with the severity of peri-implantitis progression and the effect of this combination on treatment outcomes.
This study compared two groups of patients, all of whom had implants. The first group consisted of 25 patients with peri-implantitis, while the second group of 25 patients had healthy tissue. Seventeen patients from the first group and five from the second group were genotype positive.
Patients in the first group, those with peri-implantitis, took part in a treatment and maintenance program. The genotype-positive patients in this group experienced greater periodontal tissue destruction and, increased discharge from tissues. The genotype-negative patients responded better to treatment. Statistically significant differences were noted between the groups.
The combination of these two alleles in patients with inflamed periodontal tissues denotes a risk factor that can lead to further tissue destruction. Patients with the specific genotype can have exaggerated local inflammation. Gene polymorphism may affect the outcomes of treatment for peri-implantitis in genotype-positive people and affect the long-term success of implants.
Full text of the article, “
The Effect of Interleukin-1 Allele 2 Genotype (IL-1a−889 and IL-1b+3954) on the Individual’s Susceptibility to Peri-Implantitis: Case-Control Study,” Journal of Oral Implantology, Vol. 37, No. 3, 2011, is available at http://allenpress.com/publications/journals/orim
About Journal of Oral Implantology
The Journal of Oral Implantology is the official publication of the American Academy of Implant Dentistry and of the American Academy of Implant Prosthodontics. It is dedicated to providing valuable information to general dentists, oral surgeons, prosthodontists, periodontists, scientists, clinicians, laboratory owners and technicians, manufacturers, and educators. The JOI distinguishes itself as the first and oldest journal in the world devoted exclusively to implant dentistry. For more information about the journal or society, please visit here.